dos. The brand new Rules, Tradition, and Governmental Design of Magnesia

dos. The brand new Rules, Tradition, and Governmental Design of Magnesia

Even though Spartans, Cretans, and Athenians was good in the same way that they’re most of the Greek, they differ culturally. Spartans and you will Cretans come from the fresh Dorian ethnic classification, while you are Athenians is Ionian. This can be relevant for a few factors. In reality, that it dispute culminates from the Peloponnesian conflict (431-404 BC). Next, Dorians is stereotyped given that with an exclusive military notice and you will an excellent distaste for intellectual pursuits, when you are Athenians are noticed as actually even more aesthetic and you will philosophical. These two have will have in brand new crisis off brand new discussion because for each and every interlocutor commonly defend viewpoints trait of their house establishments and certainly will operate in manners which might be stereotypical out-of its people.

Magnesia, the newest theoretical nest from Crete that’s created in the Laws, try a self-sufficient agricultural county found 9 so you can 10 kilometers regarding the water. Their secluded area commonly deter brand new determine away from folk, which might corrupt the fresh new people out of Magnesia. However, Magnesia will receive a population off submissives and people from other countries just who hold out called for jobs forbidden to customers, such as for example trade and you can menial work. The city often include 5,040 property. The Athenian are adamant about this number because it is divisible by any number from in order to several (except for eleven), so it is simpler having reason for management. For each home might be assigned to plots of land (you to near the town heart and one discovered further aside) and they plots was inalienable for the holder’s family relations. The new purpose would be to end people in the city away from become rich at the cost of other customers. Indeed, the town is created in such a way to stop people regarding to get really wealthy or terrible. Still, you will find five property kinds according to research by the wide range a person’s nearest and dearest accumulated ahead of coming to Magnesia. As the land will never be farmed in keeping, it is to-be experienced a part of an average assets, and you may shareholders have to create personal contributions. Women are not permitted to very own property, however, will be felt residents and certainly will hold political workplace. In reality, ladies are able to be involved in this new armed forces because troops and you will is also attend their unique private popular items-a couple techniques usually kepted for males into the ancient Greece.

Earliest, the latest Ionians and you may Dorians have not always been towards friendly words

New political program away from Magnesia would-be mixed, merging democratic and you will authoritarian issues. This can be present in exactly how political practices is actually addressed. There are a huge quantity of more governmental workplaces inside the Magnesia, many of which could be composed of 321Chat the general citizen human anatomy. The advantage of this will be that it will make the citizens feel that he has got a risk within the Magnesia. Yet not, at the same time, you will find brand of practices composed of a great deal more top-notch citizens. For example, the fresh new “guardians of one’s law” often watch the entire citizen looks. In order to make sure the guardians of one’s laws are guilty of their conduct, you’ll encounter a powerful panel out-of “scrutineers” that give a check on their power. The essential renowned workplace is the “nocturnal council,” which can be accountable for contrasting the philosophical nature away from rules and you may giving understanding of just how these characteristics applies during the Magnesia.

step 3. The connection amongst the Rules as well as the Republic

Whilst Republic and Laws and regulations express of numerous similarities, those who come to the new Laws and regulations after discovering this new Republic usually be surprised at whatever they come across insofar as these messages disagree with regards to both stuff and magnificence. Regarding concept, new Guidelines provides not as literary quality than just Plato’s work of art, the latest Republic. That is partially due to the fact this new Guidelines works together with the main points away from court and you can governmental principles, due to the fact Republic doesn’t; instead, the brand new Republic targets government and you can ethics during the an even more general top. Also, unlike Plato’s other really works, the smoothness Socrates was visibly missing throughout the Legislation.


Torna in alto
%d blogger hanno fatto clic su Mi Piace per questo: